In this toolkit
In Canada, there is vast resource and economic potential from energy to mineral extraction. Consequently, many of these resource development projects have both negative and positive social and environmental consequences to its surrounding communities.
The variety of species in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem.
- Risk of losing biodiversity
- Risk of species loss - from indicator species to endangered species
- Loss of land diversity
- Degradation of land due to erosion - may result in decrease agricultural output, changes in irrigation systems for crops, changes in diet for animals and humans due to implications on native plants, increase in salinity in soils
- Risk of losing aquatic species
- Chemicals/by-products spillage into canals, reservoirs, and waterways
- Thermal pollution from processes in lakes and rivers
- Decline in air quality due to pollution
- Contribution to climate change due to increase of greenhouse gases
- Loss of Indigenous way of life
- Environmental racism
- Increase in health issues
- Cost of treating illnesses increases
- Boom and bust economy
- Economic development in Indigenous communities
- Disportionate impacts on woman, as discussed in Issue 2
Who is affected?
- Everyone - a low carbon future affects all of us!
- Indigenous communities
- At risk northern communities
- Local, provincial, and federal governments
- Private companies seeking economic opportunities
Decision Makers and Responsibilities:
- Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs,
- Minister of Environment and Climate Change
- Minister of Natural Resources
- Environmental Assessment commissioners
- World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
- David Suzuki Foundation
- Nature Canada
- Canada Action
- Canada's Energy Citizens
- Canadian Nuclear Association
What are Parties saying?
What is being done now?
The Federal Sustainable Development Strategy
Several other government acts are relevant to impacts of resource development:
- Species at Risk Act (SARA)
- Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999)
- Water Governance and Legislation
Natural Resources Canada also provides access to a wide variety of publications on natural resources and their impacts, to assist with transparency and risk mitigation of firms. More information on sustainability related to natural resources.