All Canadians are affected by Indigenous rights and decolonization. Every city, town and community in Canada sits on the traditional territory of an Indigenous nation. While everyone is affected by Indigenous rights and decolonization, Indigenous peoples are the most affected.


Intergenerational Trauma

The transmission of historical oppression and its negative consequences across generations. There is evidence the impact of intergenerational trauma on the health and well-being on health and social disparities facing indigenous peoples in Canada.

Indigenous Women & Girls/Children

(Decolonzation3 infographic goes here)

  • Amnesty International: scale and severity of violence faced by Indigenous women and girls in Canada constitutes a national human rights crisis
  • There’s no way to know for certain how many Indigenous women and two-spirit folks have gone missing or have been murdered
  • There are more First Nations children in care right now than at the height of the residential school system; tens of thousands of First Nations children are in foster homes, staying with distant relatives or living in institutions


Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls

This has been described as a national crisis in Canada. Canadian indigenous women and girls are disproportionately overrepresented among female homicide victims, and are far more likely to go missing.

Indigenous Inmates

  • Since 2012, the Indigenous inmate population increased by 21.3%, while the non-Indigenous inmate population declined by 11.8%
  • 27.4% of the prison population in Canada is Indigenous
  • More than ⅓ female inmates in Canada is Indigenous
  • More than ⅓ prisoners in segregation is Indigenous

Indigenous Members of the LGBTQ2S+ Community

  • Discrimination persists today toward indigenous people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, transgender, queer, and two-spirit
  • When it comes to Indigenous suicides in Canada it is important to recognize that some are related to oppression around gender identity or sexual orientation

Residential School Survivors & 60’s Scoop Survivors

  • Survivors of Residential Schools and the 60’s Scoop are important people in the fight for Indigenous rights and decolonization
  • These survivors and their family members are victims of crimes against Indigenous people, who have experienced and continued to experience trauma and intergenerational trauma


Sixties Scoop

The large scale removal or “scooping” of indigenous children from their homes, communities, and birth-families through the 1960s; and their subsequent adoption into predominantly non-indigenous, middle class families across Canada.

Urban Indigenous Peoples

  • “Urban Indigenous peoples” refers primarily to individuals currently residing in urban areas
  • Off-reserve Indigenous peoples constitute the fastest growing segment of Canadian society
  • Indigenous people who live in an Urban setting have distinct issues and problems than those who are closer to their communities
    • Feelings of alienation, increased racism, and loss of culture…




A reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a "tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band."

Reserves/Northern Communities

  • Indigenous peoples who live on reserves and in remote northern communities have a unique set of issues
  • Food insecurity, lack of mental health workers, lack of health services, etc.
  • All things which stem from colonization and systemic discrimination

Boil Water Advisory Communities

  • Water advisories are public health protection messages about real or potential health risks related to drinking water.
  • For decades, through various governments and various political parties making various promises to do something
  • Indigenous families have had to pay special attention to their water before drinking it, bathing in it, or cooking with it

As of November 2016, there were 130 boil water advisory in 85 communities


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