Decolonization & Indigenous Rights Toolkit

Content warning: suicide, substance use, colonialism, gender-based violence, ...

This toolkit will serve as a way for Indigenous peoples and non-Indigenous peoples to collaborate and bridge the barriers that have been established between these two communities due to colonialism.

Thank you & Miigwetch!

The development of this toolkit was led by delegates Ally Freedman and Dani Lanouette, but is the collective effort of dozens of Daughters with the encouragement many more. This toolkit hopes to share information,  expertise, empower and support the engagement of other young women.

A sincere thank you to all of the Daughters who contributed and supported this project. Thank you to Stephanie Kootoo-Chiarello, Katie Baltzer, Jordyn Playne, Robin Nyamekye, Jessica Jahn, Samantha Mackenzie, and Leslie Anne St. Amour among many others!!!

This toolkit has three main objectives:

  1. To educate and empower Indigenous women who are wanting to represent their people, whether at the band level, municipal level, provincial level or federal level.
  2. To inform non-Indigenous women working with Indigenous people in any political setting.
  3. To provide context and insight on Indigenous issues, who is affected, and what we can do to better Indigenous communities.


Colonialism (in the Canadian context)

Colonization is when a political power from one territory exerts control in a different territory. Starting in the late 15th century, French and British expeditions explored and fought over parts of Turtle Island, which constitutes present-day Canada. The assimilation and practices that contributed to the marginalization of indigenous peoples in Canada.



Undoing and restructuring indigenous frameworks of thoughts, in understanding the history of colonization; rediscovering ancestral traditions and cultural values, while considering the future simultaneously. 

Breakdown of the word “indigenous”

The word Indigenous is best understood as an umbrella term that is used to describe and identify people whose ancestry is directly linked to the country in which they’re from. For Canada, this refers to the First Nations, Métis, and Inuit as one collective group.

Together, people who are First Nations, Métis, or Inuit are known as the First Peoples of Canada. While the word “Indigenous” is used to identify all of us, it is important to note that the histories and cultures of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit are vastly different.   

First Nations:






Though these are just brief introductions of the 3 main groups of Indigenous people in Canada, we encourage you to do some more research, see if there are any local First Nations, Métis, or Inuit communities or organizations in your area. While acknowledging all Indigenous people is a great sign of respect, it is important to acknowledge the local groups on whose traditional lands you may find yourself living on today.

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